Dec 012003

J. Appl. Cryst. (2003), 36, 1487.    [ doi:10.1107/S0021889803021800 ]

CRYSTALS version 12 contains a modern crystallographic user interface, and novel strategies that incorporate chemical knowledge and crystallographic guidance into the crystal structure analysis software.

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Apr 012002

J. Appl. Cryst. (2002), 35, 168-174.    [ doi:10.1107/S0021889802000249 ]

Although non-merohedrally twinned crystal structures can normally be solved without difficulty, problems usually arise during refinement. Careful analysis of poorly fitting data reveals that they belong predominantly to certain distinct zones in which |Fo|2 is systematically larger than |Fc|2. In the computer program ROTAX, a set of data with the largest values of (|Fo2| – |Fc2|)/u(|Fo2|) is identified and their indices transformed by rotations or roto-inversions about possible direct- and reciprocal-lattice directions. Matrices that transform the indices of the poorly fitting data to integers are identified as possible twin laws.

Aug 141999

The 18th International Union of Crystallography Congress and General Assembly was held in Glasgow in August 1999. Those attending from the Chemical Crystallography Laboratory in Oxford were:
Professor Keith Prout, Dr David Watkin, Dr Theirry Maris, Richard Cooper, Clare Keats and Ibrahim Tahir.

Jul 011994

Acta Cryst.  (1994), A50, 411-437.    [ doi:10.1107/S0108767393012784 ]

Each year, many single-crystal structure analyses are reported that show evidence of over- or under-refinement. Often, the refinement strategies have been naive or over-complex and alternative strategies might have been more effective. The many descriptions of crystallographic and numerical techniques suitable for assisting with the control of difficult refinements are distributed widely in the literature and so are not always easily accessible. Without being a review of these procedures (which would require a substantial book), this article attempts to list readily available procedures, together with a brief outline of their backgrounds and examples of their applications to organic and organometallic compounds. The analysis of extended-lattice materials (usually inorganic materials) often raises problems in addition to those covered here. The particular aim of this article is to remind the reader that X-ray structure analysis is a modelling process and that, while standard models may be adequate for most analyses, more care and imagination must be applied to the treatment of difficult cases. Principles of methods are described without detailed mathematical derivations, although sufficient references to the literature are provided to permit careful study. Future requirements for refinement processes are outlined, including the use of new machine architectures, applications of sparse-matrix methods and the development of expert systems.

Electronic reprints

  • Oxford University Research Archive [direct pdf]

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